Temperature switches in machine building: Which type suits?

Temperature switches are employed in machine building along with other industrial applications for limiting temperature. They monitor the temperature and react at a predefined point. To protect from overheating they either switch the equipment or machine off or activate a fan for cooling. Depending on task at hand, temperature switches operate as either normally-closed or normally-open switches. Three switch types are believed for industrial applications:
Electronic switches
Example: Electrical WIKA temperature switch TSD-30
In which a higher accuracy is requested, the operator should resort to an electric switch. With this instrument, you can change the limit values yourself and set several switch points. Incompetent can be used beyond their actual function ? an additional analogue output (e.g. 4 ? 20 mA) enables further processing of the signal and therefore continuous temperature monitoring as well.
Furthermore, switches of this type could be fitted with digital communication (IO-Link). The benefits of these are a straight faster parametrisation along with extended diagnostics functions and integration into automated processes. Via an LED display, an on-site indication can even be provided.
Mainstream of the electronics is reflected in the purchase costs. It also sets limits on the operating temperature. Its maximum value is, normally,150 �C, that is sufficient in most of applications, however. As a way to fulfil their tasks, electronic temperature switches need, and a power source, an additional contactor since their transistor only switches very low power.
Dial thermometers with switch contact
Example: WIKA expansion thermometer with switch contact SB15
The outstanding feature of dial thermometers with switch contacts may be the wide temperature range. Generally, expansion thermometers are used for industrial applications. They cover ? with regards to the version ? temperatures up to 400�C.
This instrument type offers the operator the chance of selecting multiple switch points and setting them independently. It is also suitable for switching in the low-voltage range (250 VAC). An additional contactor isn’t needed. Dial thermometers with switch contacts function without additional power and, furthermore, offer an on-site display. Judgmental of the signal isn’t possible, however.
With regards to price and performance, the switch solution described here is positioned in the mid range.
Bimetal temperature switch
Example: WIKA bimetal temperature switch model TFS35
Bimetal temperature switches are very compact, cost-effective and also have been designed for a variety of applications. These instruments can also switch with low voltages up to 250 VAC, sufficient reason for this they are able to manage with no additional contactor.
Bimetal temperature switches operate with lower accuracy. Working exclusively as switches, they neither offer a local display, nor do they enable any processing of the signal. Their compact design also only permits a limited temperature range (max. 200 �C), since the plug connection is quite near to the hot area.
Note
Further information on the TSD-30 electronic switch, on the SB15 dial thermometer with switch contact and on the TFS35 bimetal temperature switch can be found on the WIKA website.
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