Pressure sensor with I�C communication ? possibilities and boundary conditions

I�C was designed to communicate over short distances between printed circuit boards and is really a simple, 8-bit serial data bus. For the time being, it is not only PCB-mountable pressure sensors that utilize the I�C signal for data transfer, but additionally pressure sensors remote from customer electronics.
Remote sensors usually have the benefit of being less sensitive to contaminated or aggressive media and to be able to measure directly at the procedure. Regarding sensors mounted on the circuit board, the sensor element is, in many cases, exposed directly to the medium. With remote sensors, steel or ceramic generally serve as the wetted surface.
I�C circuit
The I�C bus, alongside the two supply lines, requires only two further lines:
SCL (serial clock line)
SDA (serial data line)
Additional possibilities through I�C
The I�C bus is a well-known standard in electronics, offering additional possibilities for communication with a pressure sensor than with an analogue signal:
In the data protocol, in addition to the pressure value, a temperature value and diagnostic information (for example an integrity test of the data transfer) can be transmitted with a status byte.
Several pressure sensors could be connected to a bus line as ?slaves? to the customer electronics that functions as a ?master?.
On the customer side, as opposed to the utilization of pressure sensors with analogue signals, the analogue-to-digital conversion of the pressure value for further signal processing is unnecessary since the pressure value is already present in digital form. This contributes to faster and easier signal processing.
Destiny for communication can be constructed with standard components readily available on the market.
Often, I�C signal pressure sensors may also be optimised to consume less energy, making them perfect for battery-powered applications. In the WIKA portfolio, for example, this pertains to the MPR-1 pressure sensor module.
Boundary conditions by using I�C
Since I�C is not a fieldbus, long wire lengths aren’t recommended. The maximum wire length depends, in detail, on the operating environment and the corresponding disturbing influences. I�C communication is most beneficial used in projects where in fact the pressure sensor or the pressure sensor module is integrated into the customer product and therefore protected against external influences. It will also be noted that with any digitally processed signal, the response time because of discrete-time sampling will undoubtedly be somewhat slower than for an analogue, continuous signal.
Note
Your contact person will be happy to help you with any more questions on digital interfaces.
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